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General & endoscopy surgery
General Surgery
General surgery is the treatment of injury, deformity, and disease using operative procedures.
General surgery is frequently performed to alleviate suffering when a cure is unlikely through medication alone. It can be used for such routine procedures performed in a physician's office, as vasectomy, or for more complicated operations requiring a medical team in a hospital setting, such as laparoscopic cholecystectomy (removal of the gallbladder). Areas of the body treated by general surgery include the stomach, liver, intestines, appendix, breasts, thyroid gland, salivary glands, some arteries and veins, and the skin. The brain, heart, lungs, eyes, feet, kidneys, bladder, and reproductive organs, to name only a few, are areas that require specialized surgical repair.
New methods and techniques are less invasive than older practices, permitting procedures that were considered impossible in the past. For example, microsurgery has been used in reattaching severed body parts by successfully reconnecting small blood vessels and nerves. Laparoscopic techniques are more efficient, promote more rapid healing, leave smaller scars, and have lower postoperative infection rates.
Advances in diagnostic and surgical techniques have greatly increased the success rate of general surgery. Contemporary procedures are less invasive than those practiced a decade or more ago. The results include reduced length of hospital stays, shortened recovery times, decreased postoperative pain, and decreases in the size and extent of surgical incisions. The length of time required for a full recovery varies with the procedure.
for Minimally Invasive and Robotic Surgery at Lifecare’s network of Hospitals in India have developed a comprehensive course of treatment. We believe that you play a key role in your recovery. Our goal and commitment is to involve you in your treatment through each step of the program.
 
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Laparoscopic Surgery
 
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Endoscopy
 
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ERCP (Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangio Pancreatograph)
 
Best Surgeon in India
General Surgery
 
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Cancer Surgery
 
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Piles Surgery
 
Laparoscopic Surgery
It is a minimally invasive surgery/ “Keyhole surgery”. It is performed through 3 to 4 keyhole incisions made into abdominal wall
Through one of the incisions a tube with a camera attached to its distal end (Laparoscope) is inserted into the abdominal cavity. Through the remaining holes, tools of surgery are passed to perform the operation.
“Keyhole surgeries” performed are:
  1)
Repair of all kinds of abdominal hernias (Inguinal, Femoral, Umbilical, ventral and incisional)
 
  2)
Removal of appendix (Appendicectomy)
  3)
Removal of gall bladder (Cholecystectomy)
  4)
Repair of hiatus hernia (Fundoplication)
  5)
Surgery for achalasia cardia.(Cardiomyotomy)
  6)
Removing the adhesions between abdominal wall, omentum and organs (Adhesiolysis)
 
  7) Abdominal Cancer Surgery
  Laparoscopic Surgery in India
Advantages of laparoscopic surgery over the open surgery for the above cases are known all over the world such as:
  1) Minimal cutting of the body tissues:  Minimal Pain   2) Minimal time for healing
  3) Minimal medication   4) Minimal hospital stay
  5) Minimal scar   6) Early return to work   
 
Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
It is a direct visualization of interior of digestive system
A tube with a camera attached to its distal end (Endoscope) is gradually inserted through oral cavity/ anus. The images are seen simultaneously on a TV monitor.
The endoscopic tube is inserted via mouth for visualization of oesophagus, stomach and proximal part of small intestine (Upper GI Scopy i.e. Upper Gastrointestinal Scopy/ OGD scopy i.e. Oesophago-Gastro-Duodeno scopy).
The tube is inserted via anus for visualization of anal canal, rectum, and various parts of large intestine/ colon (Colonoscopy).
Few instruments can be passed through a separate channel in the same endoscopic tube to perform various therapeutic procedures.
The procedures performedin this category are:
  1)
Diagnostic Endoscopy (Gastroscopy/ Colonoscopy).
  2)
Biopsy of a tumour or ulcer.
  3)
Removal of swallowed foreign bodies such as coins, screws, plastic or metal objects, etc.
 
  4)
Sclerotherapy and banding of oesophageal varices. (Varices are dilated blood vessels).
 
  5)
Dilatation of a stricture/ narrowing in the gastrointestinal tract by a balloon or a bougie.
 
  6)
Injection or Endoclip application for bleeding.
  7) Removal of polyps.
  8) Inserting stents in oesophagus or colon for cancers.
  9) Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy /PEG (inserting a feeding tube through abdominal wall under endoscopic guidance).
 
 
  Gastrointestinal Endoscopy in India
 
ERCP (Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangio- Pancreatograph)
In simple words, it is indirect visualization of duct of gall bladder (Common Bile Duct/ CBD) and pancreas by way of endoscopic insertion of radio-opaque dye.
Various therapeutic procedures can be performed by insertion of the instruments through a separate channel in the endoscopic tube.
The procedures performed in this category are:
  1)
Extraction of stones in the CBD and pancreatic ducts.
 
  2)
Biopsy and sampling of cells from the CBD and pancreatic ducts.
 
  3)
Cutting of the sphincter at the end of these ducts (Sphincterotomy) for relieving obstruction.
 
  4)
Manual crushing of the large stones in the CBD (Lithotripsy).
 
  5)
Dilatation of CBD strictures/ narrowing.
  6)
Endoscopic management of leak of bile after gall bladder surgery.
 
  7)
Inserting plastic or metallic stents in bile duct for strictures.
 
  ERCP In India
 
General Surgery
It is a specialty of medicine that deals with diagnosis and surgical treatment of disease and injury covering a wide variety of surgical procedures.
It also includes management of complications of surgical conditions in the following areas: alimentary tract; abdomen; breast, skin and soft tissue; endocrine system; head and neck surgery; pediatric surgery; surgical critical care; surgical oncology; trauma and burns; and vascular surgery.
The general surgical procedures performed are:
  1)
All types of Hernia and Hydrocoele surgeries.
  2)
Surgeries for piles, fissure, fistula and pilonidal sinus. (Anorectal surgeries)
 
  3)
Thyroid surgery and treatment.
  4)
Varicose veins surgery.
  5)
Breast swellings and cancers: surgery and treatment.
 
  6)
Abdominal surgeries including those on appendix (Appendicectomy) and gall bladder (Cholecystectomy) and digestive system.
 
 
  7)
Surgeries for swellings in the neck.
 
General Surgery in India
 
Cancer Surgery
The prospect of cancer surgery may make the patient feel anxious. To reduce the anxiety, it is better to learn more about cancer surgery.
Cancer surgery (an operation to repair or remove part of the body, to diagnose or treat cancer) remains the foundation of cancer treatment.
The doctor may use cancer surgery to achieve any number of goals, from diagnosing the cancer to treating it to relieving the symptoms it causes.
Cancer surgery may be the only treatment, or it may be supplemented with other treatments, such as radiation, chemotherapy, hormone therapy and biological therapy.
The cancer surgeries performed are:
  1) Cancers of the digestive system.
  2) Cancers of neck.
  3) Breast cancers.
  4)
Cancers of skin
  5)
Endoscopic diagnosis of abdominal cancers including biopsy and cytology using gastroscope, colonoscope or laparoscope.
 
 
  6)
Endoscopic stenting of obstructing tumours.
  7)
Laparoscopic surgeries of gastrointestinal cancers.
 
  Cancer Surgery in India
 
Piles Surgery
In simple words, piles or hemorrhoids are dilated blood vessels in the anal canal due to damage to its supporting tissue. Conventional piles surgery includes cutting the piles from its root and stitching the wound.
Stapler surgery is an advanced technique using the Ethicon stapler equipment. The equipment appears to look like a gun that takes in the loose anal mucosa (inner lining) and cuts a piece in the shape of a doughnut around its periphery. It simultaneously stitches the raw cut edges of the anal mucosa and fixes the pile in its normal position. This action is similar to a stapler; hence it is commonly called stapler surgery. In medical terms it is called MIPH (Minimally Invasive Procedure for Haemorrhoids).
Advantages of stapler surgery over conventional piles surgery are:
  1) Minimal Pain
  2) Minimal medication
  3) Fast recovery
  4) Minimal hospital stay
  5) Minimal chances of recurrence
  6) Early return to work
  Piles Surgery in India
 
 
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